Most foot problems can be blamed on shoe choice, not on an actual physical activity. For example, corns are small bumps that develop on the top or sides of the toes, often because you’ve worn shoes that rub those toes the wrong way. This isn’t a very serious condition but it can be very painful. Fortunately corns can be prevented:
- Avoid shoes that do not fit properly. If shoes are too tight, they squeeze the foot, increasing pressure. If they are too loose, the foot may slide and rub against the shoe, creating friction.
- Skip the stilettos. High heels can pinch the toes or put pressure on the ball of the foot.
- Seams matter. A seam inside a shoe can cause rubbing and friction on the toes.
- Use quality socks. Poorly fitting socks can allow shoes to place more pressure or friction on the toes.
If you do suffer from a corn, you and your orthopedic foot specialist will need to work together to treat it. First your doctor will restore the normal contour of the skin and relieve the pain by trimming the corn and dead layers of skin off with a scalpel. This procedure should only be done by a medical professional, as it could cause serious complications if you suffer from poor circulation, poor eyesight, or a lack of feeling in your feet. During the procedure your doctor will look for any underlying problems, such as toe deformities that might lead to future problems. If you are suffering from a more extensive injury, then the doctor can correct the problem with surgery on an outpatient basis.
Once your doctor has completed his portion of the treatment, you will be responsible make sure that the corn does not reoccur. You can do this by:
- Soaking your feet regularly and using a pumice stone or callus file to soften and reduce the size of corns and calluses.
- Wearing a donut-shaped foam non-medicated pad over the corn to help relieve pressure.
- Wearing shoes that fit properly and have a roomy toe area.
These simple techniques will surly take the pressure off your mind and feet!
Source: American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
– Jonathan P. Smerek M.D.